Break the wall of silence
Battle the taboo about urine.

  • For continent people:

an appropriate solution for continent men
an appropriate solution for continent women

  • Discard obsolete and degrading solutions designed for the incontinent
  • Offer a solution that matches the need and the pathology
  • Fight hospital-acquired bacterial infections: nosocomial
  • Restore autonomy and dignity

Mictional dysfunction (miction means urinate)

  • The bladder: Located in the pelvis, this is a thin-walled pouch made up of musculomembranous fibres (the detrusor) and lined with transitional epithelium. The muscles respond to motor and parasympathetic innervations which control miction.
  • The urethra: An evacuation tube through which the urine flows out of the bladder.

In a man: The prostate is located below the bladder along the trajectory of the urethra which measures about 16 cm.
In a woman: the urethra only measures between 3 and 4 cm. Its external orifice is located in the vagina.

The urine secreted by the kidney flows constantly (0.9ml/min) through two tubes (ureters) into the bladder.

Normal miction:

Before miction comes the filling phase:
The bladder dilates to contain the urine without creating pressure. This dilatation is controlled by motor sympathetic innervation which also ensures the contraction of the vesico-urethral sphincter.
Triggering miction, draining:
This is effected via motor sympathetic innervation which contracts the bladder and opens the vesico-urethral sphincter and, now under pressure, the urethra dilates to let the urine pass. The desire to urinate is usually set off when the bladder contains:
350 ml for men (a can of Coke)
250 ml for women (a small bottle of Coke)
On average, a human passes 1.3 litres of urine per day.

Mictional problems:

  • A frequent need to urinate indicates the bladder needs to empty itself often, without the bladder necessarily being full.
  • URGE INCONTINENCE: This is a totally uncontrollable and urgent need to urinate which needs to be dealt with within seconds of the urge occurring.

Continence problems:

  • Stress incontinence: Also known as effort incontinence, this leads to leaks when a person coughs, sneezes, laughs or lifts of carries a heavy object.
  • Imperiosity: Like urge incontinence, this leads to a sudden and intense desire to urinate, followed by involuntary leaking.
  • Overflow incontinence: This problem is linked to the filling of a bladder that has not been fully emptied and therefore reaches drainage point too quickly. The feeling of not having completely emptied the bladder is almost constant and very real. The bladder fills too quickly and reaches its drainage point too quickly.

The impact on quality of life:

Needing to urinate frequently has a serious impact on quality of life. It can disrupt sleep, reduce the sex life, diminish self-confidence and self-esteem, create feelings of shame and embarrassment and cause people to withdraw from social activities etc.
People who suffer from this always need to ensure they are not far from a toilet; they are constantly worried they will not be able to contain their urine. They fear they will wet or stain their clothes or smell of urine. They fear embarrassing themselves in public or showing signs or premature ageing.
They are dependant on places that have toilets…. 
Furthermore, ignorance and shame mean sufferers do not seek medical help.
According to the French Urology Association, (AFU), 30% of individuals suffer from urinary problems.

Urinary problems and molecules

Drinks: Tea, coffee, alcohol and beer have a significant diuretic and irritative effect.

Medication: Diuretics affect renal filtration and accelerate the filling of the bladder. They are prescribed in the event of illnesses such as heart failure and HTN. These are the standard medication. Heart failure affects 500,000 people in France and HTN 10,000,000.

Urinary problems and ageing

Age: Loss of the ability to retain urine is linked to age. The bladder muscle and the urethra's sphincter begin to lose their firmness.

Anatomy: in women, the weight of the uterus and the slackening of uterine ligaments, multiple pregnancies and a weakening of the perineum are causal and aggravating factors.

Hormones: for menopausal women the oestro-progestogenic deficiency increases the problem.

Excess weight: this is a major aggravating factor as it puts pressure on the bladder.
According to the French Urology Association, (AFU), 30% of individuals suffer urinary problems.

Urinary problems and illness

  • Diabetes: Type II diabetes is the most common, unrecognised and unbalanced, and causes accelerated diuresis and therefore very frequent urination. This is known as diabetic nephropathy. The patient drinks and urinates constantly. It affects some 3,000,000 people in France.
  • Benign hypertrophy of the prostate: Only men have a prostate and it is located under the bladder and around the urethra. When it swells in size it creates an obstacle to urination and therefore disrupts the sensation of urinating. It affects some 1,000,000 men in France.

Urinary problems and infections

  • All urinary infections lead to problems in urinating. Whether acute or chronic, the symptoms are the same: Urge incontinence

Urinary problems and immobilisation

  • Those suffering from neurological conditions often experience urinary difficulties because their bladders may not respond to neurological orders.
  • Those with motor disabilities, whether neurological, rheumatoid or linked to immobilisation, need equipment suited to their condition and therefore portable.